Magnetised material is one of the most important basic functional materials in the electronics industry. Since the 1950s, the global output of magnetised material has doubled almost every 10 years. At present, magnetised material in the world has become an important part of modern society and industrial development. The global production of magnetised material is mainly concentrated in Japan and China. From the perspective of technology and production capacity, Japan is the global leader in magnetic material technology, while China's magnetic material production capacity ranks first in the world, establishing the world's largest producer of magnetic materials and getting the position as an industrial center.
Magnetised materials mainly refer to materials that are composed of transition elements iron, cobalt, nickel and their alloys that can directly or indirectly generate magnetism. They are mainly used in wind power, electronics, computers, communications, medical, home appliances, military and other fields.
There are many types of magnetic materials, currently mainly divided into three categories: ferrite magnetic materials, rare earth magnetic materials and other magnetic materials.
The magnetised material industry, in a broad sense, is a manufacturing industry that transforms mineral or metal materials into parts and components that are compatible with related industries through deep processing. Its products are not final consumer products, so it is a midstream industry.
The upstream of permanent magnet products is mainly steel manufacturing, and the main raw materials are iron scale and iron red. The downstream industries mainly include automobiles, computers and office equipment, household appliances, electric tools and electric toys. The soft magnetic upstream industry is the steel manufacturing industry and the chemical industry. The steel manufacturing industry provides the main raw material iron red, and the chemical industry provides manganese tetroxide, zinc oxide, nickel oxide, etc. The downstream includes computers and office equipment, home appliances, consumer electronics, automobiles, communication equipment, energy-saving lamps and LEDs.